Occupants have to pay to have the pits emptied. At the time of writing, no further imminent eruptive threat to the population from Nyiragongo has been identified. WHO should provide the organisational bridge between the volcano scientists and health experts and health care providers. The patients are normally expected to pay for hospital and health clinic treatment, though charges for health care were wavered in the two months after the eruption, when use of the facilities markedly increased as a result. The significant findings were, in the lake water, fluoride levels of 1. ReliefWeb Informing humanitarians worldwide.

The fear of giving cash New aid workers are warned by older and wiser colleagues never to give cash to beneficiaries. The video from Mt Goma shows the clouds of ash and smoke from burning vegetation around the vents and flows on the volcano being convected into the air during the day, and the progression of both lava flows into the city in the evening and night. GFE Consulting, March , http: This is a relatively small risk by any standards and one that many people would take rather than evacuate. ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since It took five days to distribute the food to those in need in Goma, and after 25 January the distribution switched to hospitals, camps and to people living outside Goma. A hazard assessment was conducted by volcanologists9 and reported by Tazieff in a letter to Nature:

Why did aid agencies ignore all their rhetoric about responding to the needs of people, and just give what they thought the people needed, not what they said they wanted? The high carbon dioxide levels emitted at these sites were confirmed Fig.

The potential for outbreaks of diarrhoeal diseases from drinking contaminated water was therefore present immediately after the eruption, the risk falling rapidly in the first few days as potable water supplies were restored. These relate to the unusual volcanic setting, the humanitarian crisis which ranks amongst the world’s gravest, and the long shadow cast by the events surrounding the genocide and the Rwandan refugee tragedy in Goma in stucy, when tens of thousands of people died from cholera and dysentery.


The scientific institute in which the GVO is embedded does not appear to be functioning. The two teams, who have worked in full collaboration with one another, have published their reports,1,2 including one by P.

The Nyiragongo lavas that form the hard and porous bedrock of the area, with the setting of Lake Kivu, also constrain the other main hazard that overshadows Goma – cholera – as will be discussed below.

The draft plan allows for the relocation of betweento1. According studdy volcanologists, this eruption was triggered by tectonic spreading of the Kivu rift causing the ground to fracture and allow lava to flow from ground fissures out of the crater lava lake and possibly from a deeper conduit nearer Goma.

But perhaps the aid community could be radical sthdy say that people, especially adults, nyiragonog a right to misuse their cash.

An important concern in the eruptive events of 17 January and thereafter has been the potential for emissions of carbon dioxide from tm and from the soil.

mt nyiragongo case study

ReliefWeb Informing humanitarians worldwide. Volcanic risk management is untested in this socio-political context. It is likely that people will ignore warnings and will wait for an eruption to occur before taking action.

Further work is needed on nyirwgongo dispersion modelling of the gas cloud to determine cwse extent of the evacuated area, which will in any event be greater than that needed for the lava flow into the city.

Eventually, some of this was done.

The case for cash: Goma after the Nyiragongo eruption – ODI HPN

Water samples were obtained for analysis by the British Geological Survey in March from the lake and from two streams in Sake which were used for drinking water. Food and fuel also became scarce, and water could not be boiled.

mt nyiragongo case study

The risk of an epidemic is greatest with an evacuation of Goma, or a return to Goma before its shattered lifelines are restored as occurred on January 19, However, the fluoride levels in drinking water in the area clearly need monitoring.

In addition, several dangerous sites were confirmed within the ESCO camp area and these were cordoned off on WHO advice – one low lying area was going to be used as a cemetery which would have proved very hazardous for stuxy grave-diggers Fig.


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Goma after the Nyiragongo eruption. The centre of the outbreak was probably Goma. The value of scientific monitoring of the volcano is most likely to lie in providing the international community and relief agencies nyiragogno NGO’s with sufficient lead-time to prepare for a mass movement of the population of Goma when the volcano erupts.

If it circulates in the economy somewhere then it is doing its job. Other dangerous gases that needed to be excluded include methane, hydrogen sulphide and carbon monoxide. The lessons that need to be considered in volcanic risk management for the present population of the Goma area include the following:.

Contingency plans should be modified to include the detailed arrangements for health sector interventions to reduce the risk from cholera in an evacuation and resettlement of Goma.

mt nyiragongo case study

However, weekly meetings with the Governor have been instigated, as have regular slots for the GVO volcanologists on Radio Okapi. The Virunga Mountains stretch from east to west for about 80 km. Houses for rent were available, and those who had money rented rooms and space towards the west of the town.

Case study of a Volcanic eruption : Mt. Nyiragongo Pages 1 – 3 – Text Version | FlipHTML5

No lorries or stores are needed, and the logistics are certainly simpler. By early August a standardized health surveillance system was established. The uncertainty surrounding the two types of risk and their consequences expressed as numbers of deaths needs to be constrained using expert judgement and probabilistic analysis of a range of eruption scenarios.

Risk assessment in this crisis should include the regular input of health experts, together with international relief agencies and NGO’s working in Goma.