Approximately two-thirds moved east to Gisenyi in Rwanda. The eruption sparked a humanitarian crisis as refugees flooded into the town of Gisenyi, where they have no food or shelter. However, Goma is built on its previous lava flows a major one has been dated yr BP. Emergency immunisation programmes against measles, meningitis and polio are also likely to be important considerations. In mid-February, CRS and Caritas Goma completed a major food distribution that reached approximately 14, families, and a non-food distribution of relief commodities that reached approximately 15, families.

An unknown, but probably important, number of the diarrhoeal cases were cholera. United Nations officials said they were encouraging refugees to mass at two camps some 12 miles from Gisenyi, where they could be more easily provided with shelter, supplies and sanitation. Many of refugees were located by Lake Kivu, but as there was no available way to purify and transport sufficient quantities of water most of the refugees consumed untreated water. The volcanic field of Nyiragongo is surrounded by the volcanic fields of Nyamulagira in the north and west , Karisimbi and Mikeno volcanoes in the east , and by Lake Kivu on its southern side Fig. Gaping holes opened up in Goma, normally a city of more than , but now virtually a ghost town, and molten rock reduced roads and buildings to fiery ash.

Fourteen villages in the jungle around Goma were reported destroyed in the path of the lava. Goma Hospital is located at the base of Mt Goma, and was the only public hospital that remained open during the crisis.

Investigations of air and water quality were performed. Politicians, they said, would have to take the decision on an evacuation.

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The Nyiragongo main cone. Despite this, agencies gave nyirgongo, and the addition of food aid to the market depressed prices and impoverished those who were already selling in the market. In Aprilthe lava lake level started a progressive decrease through sporadic level drop events.


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Perceptions of the people were that the impact extended to heart attacks, miscarriages and other caxe.

Let’s hope we don’t make the same mistakes in the future. By 31 July, bloody diarrhoea S. January volcano-tectonic eruption of Nyiragongo volcano, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Almost all of the original displacement of overGoma residents to Rwanda has been reversed.


Members of the assistance team provided immediate humanitarian assessments in the region following the volcanic eruption. Aboutrefugees also took shelter in the main city area Fig. Hundreds of thousands of people have fled across the border after Mount Nyiragongo began spewing rock and molten lava on Thursday. Twenty water purification stations have been established along the shore of Lake Kivu in areas where the water system does not reach.

As far as the present hazard situation in Goma is concerned, the following observations can be made, pending a full hazard assessment:. The video from Mt Goma shows the clouds of ash and smoke from burning vegetation around the vents and flows on the volcano being convected into the air during the day, and the progression of both lava flows into the city in the evening and night. The fluoride concentration on 21 January was measured at 4. An outbreak of cholera reports unconfirmed, possibly exaggerated.

Residents of Goma were evacuated after the eruption was underway. The fear of giving cash New aid workers are warned by older and wiser colleagues never to give cash to beneficiaries.

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By 21 January, most of these people had returned to Goma, with approximately 30, persons left scattered in the Goma area and in two camps in Rwanda19 felt earthquakes continued for days afterwards, a reminder that the volcanic activity kevel not be over, but the eruption had officially ceased on 18 January, though for several days afterwards lava continued to flow into Lake Kivu at the delta created by the main lava flow. The team worked with representatives from international organizations and local authorities to consider possible shelter response options.


A well co-ordinated relief programme was associated with a steep decline in death rates by the eruptio month of the crisis.

Persons swimming on the shore of Lake Kivu occasionally report feelings of suffocation or being overcome, and sudden deaths in local and expatriate individuals occur sporadically.

There is abundant evidence from around the globe that post-disaster economies revive quickly if everyone has a little money to spend.

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Distributed drugs, basins, pans, buckets, and clothing Baptist World Aid: Nobody should stop them from entering Uganda,” Mwesigye was quoted as saying. International humanitarian aid to the Palestinians. The timely delivery of essential relief supplies such as blankets, plastic sheeting, utensils and other goods plus the transport, administrative and support costs and services to initiate this operation, will be critical. AP In a recent issue of a monthly Goma newspaper before the January 17 eruptionWafula warned local residents myiragongo they could expect an eruption in coming weeks.

Case study of a Volcanic eruption : Mt. Nyiragongo

Levdl largest was Itig camp near the airport, containing around people, reuption the houses were made from recycled galvanized metal sheets collected from the lava flow debris Fig.

The Virunga Mountains stretch from east to west for about 80 km. There was overwhelming evidence that, within a day or two, the only value of another plastic sheet or another cooking-pot was in its sale. Probably half of the population are going to be homeless.