Kida provides a summary of the most common thinking errors. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. You could draw a spider diagram to map out your ideas, or write out your thoughts, to set out your starting point on the topic — this will help you to explore your existing knowledge, experience and views in relation to it. Classifications as to what counts as strong evidence vary according to what you are trying to find out as we will see in the examples later on in this chapter. You were intolerant of the drug and this is an extreme side effect that affects a very small proportion of people who receive the drug. Giving a verbal presentation for the education of others such as in a teaching session.

Websites focusing on health and social care. Books by Helen Aveyard. You need to think carefully about the type of research that is most useful to you and consider whether you are looking for qualitative or quantitative approaches. You can use these questions as a prompt to help you ask questions about any information you have; to make a judgement about its quality and therefore how you use it in your practice or academic work. This is because practice and theory are closely interconnected.

Think about the last time you had to write a professional or academic document or an assignment, whether a written piece of work or a verbal presentation. Using subject-specific electronic databases In order to take a critical approach to your academic writing and professional practice, you can see that you need to be comprehensive and organized giude your search for appropriate evidence.

A beginner’s guide to critical thinking and writing in health and social care

Unfortunately a lot of people rely on information they have received in a lecture without doing the appropriate reading. How did you carry out research into your topic? In this book we will explain how you do this.


aveyard a beginners guide to critical thinking

If you are not sure which database to access, ask someone at your local university or from your professional development team. Information is available at www. What is critical thinking and why is it important? If you come across guidelines and policy that appear to be evidence based, then these are likely to be strong evidence.

A Beginner’s Guide to Critical Thinking and Writing in Health and Social Care

Stymied by this apparent contradiction, I conducted my own research vaeyard the matter of red wine consumption. The characteristics of and key points about analysis are: In this book we argue that it is not good practice to accept the first thing you read, see or are told in practice without further investigation. Here is where great writing skills come into play. You will hear a large amount of professional dialogue and have access to a vast amount of professional literature, and you need to work out what is useful and relevant and what is not; you need to make sure you are using reliable information wisely, both in your academic assignments and to inform your practice.

The quality of the dialogue you hear in professional practice will also vary. Thinikng professional literature varies a lot in quality and it is essential that you can make sense of what you read.

A Beginner’s Guide to Critical Thinking and Writing in Health and Social Care – PDF Free Download

If there is no research then guidelines or policy may help and if these are not available then professional and expert opinion should be drawn on. The characteristics of and key points about description are: Crjtical at the date of the references used in the book too. Examples of research approaches using quantitative and qualitative research If you are finding these concepts easy to understand then you may like to begin thinking more deeply about the specific type of information you would be looking for if you were searching for information on one of the above topics.


In Mary joined the School of Health and Social Aveyqrd at Oxford Brookes University as a senior lecturer in adult nursing, and more recently she has taken on leadership of one of the interprofessional learning modules for the pre-qualifying programmes. What is being said? In very general terms, research is divided into two types: A dissertation, thesis or research project.

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This is a descriptive statistic, the result found in their study. Health or social care professional: In simple terms, the bigger the sample, the surer you can be that the sample prevalence is close to the population prevalence. Home About Help Search. In contrast, using a lot of quotes in your work will suggest to your reader that you struggle to put what others have said into your own words.

You need to dig deeper because: As a critical thinker, rather than ignore or avoid beginnerd and challenging methods of research as you progress through your learning, look up words and methods that are new to you in a research textbook or dictionary.

aveyard a beginners guide to critical thinking

These are explained below. This involves stating what you think overall, after you have considered the issue or question as a whole, and weighed up the arguments and evidence you have analysed in detail.

Internet search engines such as Google and Yahoo!. You would be looking for qualitative research because this information is likely to be obtained through in-depth interviews which htinking the experiences of single mums in detail. You could go on to say that the benefits of omega 3 fats are still being explored.